EasternCanada is the main habitat of four species of ash including the White Ash. Its sapwood is tan or cream-coloured, and the heartwood varies from light to dark brown. It is sometimes confused with the Butternut and its grain, which resembles that of the Red Oak. It is hard (1,320 on the Janka hardness scale), and takes bending well. It is used, notably, in the manufacture of snowshoes, sports equipment, tool handles, floor coverings and furniture.
Also known as the Quaking Aspen and Pople, it is native to North America. The sapwood is cream-coloured and the heartwood is tan. This is a soft, weak wood, used primarily in the manufacture of mouldings, toys and coffins.
The American Beech is found in South-eastern Canada and the Eastern United States. Its wood is heavy and hard (1,300 on the Janka hardness scale). Its sapwood is white with a reddish tint and the heartwood is reddish brown. It is used, notably, in the manufacture of flooring, furniture, mouldings, architectural carpentry, sports equipment and tool handles. In Nova Scotia, the species has been infected in a virus causing bark-like inclusions making it a spectacularly featured flooring, but volumes are very low.
It is found mainly in the Eastern United States. Its sapwood and heartwood are reddish brown. It is used in the manufacture of furniture and specialty products. It is very stable; its wood is semi-porous and has a Janka hardness scale of 1,010. The wood is used primarily for veneering, high-end furniture, cabinetry, interior decoration, flooring and coffins. Large trees of this species yield beautiful live edge planks for exquisite executive desks, dining and conference tables in the hands of a good maker.
Also known as the American Walnut, it is heavy with a yellowish-brown sapwood and a purplish-brown heartwood. Used for furniture, parquet floors, turnery, musical instruments and gunstocks. Large live edge planks of this are available for exquisite executive desks, dining and conference tables.
Also known as the white walnut or oil nut tree, this species grows mainly in the American East. Its sapwood is cream-coloured and the heartwood ranges from pale to chocolate brown. It is soft and light (1,010 on the Janka hardness scale). It is used chiefly for veneering, high-end furniture, cabinetry, interior decoration and coffins. It is not often available, however, because large trees are rare.
The maple leaf has adorned the national flag of Canada since 1965. Several species of maple are found in North America, with the sugar maple being the most highly appreciated. The sapwood is generally white/ivory, and the heartwood is reddish brown. It is valued for its hardness (1,450 on the Janka hardness scale) and resistance for parquet floors, carpentry, interior woodwork, veneering and the manufacture of wooden utensils. It is also sought after for use in furniture-making and cabinetry because of spectacular grain structures such as bird’s eye, curly, tiger’s eye, cloudy, quilted. In large planks it yields exquisite executive desks, dining and conference tables in the hands of a good maker.
Also known as the Red Maple, this species is abundant in North America. It is heavy, hard and resistant. The sapwood is slightly paler in colour than that of the Hard Maple; its heartwood varies from grey to reddish brown with brown filaments. Soft maple is used chiefly in the manufacture of furniture and parquet floors and for interior woodwork, musical instruments and pallets.
Red oak is in high demand for its reddish graining. It works well and finishes easily. However, a pre-drilling before nailing is recommended.
Found in Southern Quebec and Ontario, this species has a hard, close-grained, durable wood that is remarkably flexible. Its sapwood is almost white and the heartwood is tan. Used in the manufacture of ploughing implements, luxury woodwork, veneering, furniture, floor coverings, mouldings, turnery and coffins.
This species is native to South America. Its sapwood is yellowish brown and its heartwood is a dark reddish brown. This precious wood has a fine, medium-hard grain, is easy to work with and is termite-resistant. It is used, notably, for sculpture, furniture, veneering, boats and exterior doors.
The Yellow Birch is found in North-eastern North America. Abundant in Quebec, it has been its emblem since 1993. The sapwood is usually pale yellow and the heartwood is reddish brown. It offers an economical alternative to Maple, since its grain is similar, but it is softer than Maple (1,260 on the Janka hardness scale). Used for furniture, flooring, mouldings, architectural carpentry and turnery.
Also known as tulip wood, it is native to Eastern North America. Its sapwood is cream-coloured and the heartwood is tan. It is light, easy to work, economical and used in the manufacture of mouldings. Taking a very fine surface and being very low resin, it is a great alternative to clear pine for painted materials.